What is hair transplantation?
In hair transplantation, the doctor takes healthy hair follicles from the patient and brings them back to a bald spot on the body. As the hair follicles come from the patient itself, the process is also called self-transplantation. This is a cosmetic procedure and usually there is no medical need.
The exception is eyelash or eyebrow transplantation: these hairs have the task of protecting the eye from dirt and sweat.
Hair transplantation: FUE (Follicular Unit Extraction)
Nowadays, the FUE hair transplantation (Follicular Unit Extraction) in Germany, is currently only minimally invasive and thus easy procedure in hair transplantation.
Human hair grows in natural bunches containing one to five hairs called follicular units. In FUE, the doctor receives not only a hair follicle, but also a full FUE.
The surgeon must do 500 to 1000 hair transplants in an area of 50 square centimeters. As hair has individual structures and thus appears “full” in every person, no precise information can be made.
When do you transplant hair?
Self-transplantation can help patients in the following situations:
Hormonal hair loss in men and women
Hereditary hair loss forms
Scarred hair loss (e.g after accident, burning, surgery or radiation)
Many of these diseases require hair transplant to fix the body image: a flattened hairline can be replenished, a back gewichener hairline will be moved forward. Beard transplantation can help affected men, such as burns caused by bald spots.
What do you do with hair transplantation?
Firstly, the doctor takes photos of the hairless body and, in consultation with the patient, marks the desired hairline with a pen.
Under local anesthesia, an experienced surgical team can perform approximately 500 to 2000 transplants per procedure. For more hair, several sessions are required.
Hair transplantation with FUE
Before surgery, the entire hair area must be shaved bald. Now the doctor is using hollow needles to cut the skin around the hair root groups. With two tweezers, the hair groups are exposed and removed. The sampling point usually does not have to be sewn in FUE; the wound on the left healed spontaneously.
The grafts are kept moist in chilled solutions and prepared under the microscope – the hair follicles die because they are dry. Unsuitable hair is separated. To place the hair, the doctor uses a good needle to create small channels where the hair follicles are placed. They heal spontaneously and do not need to be corrected.
Hair transplantation with classic technique (line technique)
According to the abrasion technique, the doctor cuts a strip of scalp from the scalp that grows from the patient’s scalp. The removal point is closed with stitches or clips. From the skin strip, the individual hair follicles are now processed and sewn into the naked areas of the doctor, as in FUE.
As the line technique creates a larger scar, today FUE is preferred for better aesthetic results.
What are the risks of hair transplantation?
Women and men who want to transplant hair should be informed about the dangers of the procedure. Complications of hair transplantation by an experienced physician are rare, but for example if the puncture is too deep bleeding may occur. That usually happens in a strong swelling that can reach the face in the first days after hair transplantation. Especially, swelling of the eyelids is annoying for the patient, but it is not dangerous.
Human skin is very well fed with blood. As microbes and bacteria are mainly located in areas with circulatory disorders, the risk of infection in hair transplantation of the head hair is low.
Many patients experience numbness or tingling in the area after a hair transplant that usually disappears after two to four weeks. Such sensory disorders persist for several months rarely.
What should I pay attention to after hair transplantation?
A crust that first dissolves after five to seven days after hair transplantation. Please do not scratch the itch even if it itches; This only disrupts the healing process and makes it easier for bacteria to enter the tissue.
Depending on doctor’s discretion, antibiotics are given for about three days to prevent infection. This is particularly suitable for high-risk patients with circulatory disorders such as diabetes. If necessary, you will receive a painkiller from your doctor and also have a pain relieving effect in cooling the transplanted area.
Keep the stitch closed with the stitch until the wound heals. Use special, waterproof shower patches to wash. For example these can be obtained in the pharmacy. Yarns are drawn at the earliest two weeks after the treatment.
With mild, unpolished shampoo, you can wash your hair as early as the third day after treatment – baby shampoo is not recommended. Hair dye or coloring should be done after four to six weeks.
Do not panic if only the transplanted hair fails. Since the skin temporarily provides weak oxygen through the operation, the hair is rejected first – but not the hair follicles! Of these, the hair grows eight to twelve weeks after the new hair transplantation. The final result can only be evaluated after eight to ten months.